, published in medical journal Acta Neuropathological on February 15th, was a collaborative effort between researchers from Swansea's Cefn Coed Hospital, Cardiff University and University College London analysing retired footballers with dementia.
It followed 14 footballers with the condition who had retired between 1980 and 2010, with all participants receiving regular clinical assessments.
Following their deaths and permitting the approval of their next of kin, six participants' brains were subjected to post-mortem examination, with four showing signs of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.
CTE is a progressive degenerative disease commonly found in people who have a history of repetitive brain trauma often caused by frequent hits to the head.
While CTE has been known to affect athletes in contact sports such as boxing, american football, professional wrestling and ice hockey, there has been comparatively little research into its presence in football.
Researchers from the study said that no firm conclusions could be taken from their results, but have called for 'large-scale case-control studies' comparing footballers to other athletes who do not experience as many impacts to the head.
Speaking to Frontline Magazine, Mr Scott agreed with the researchers that further study was needed to analyse the possibility of a link between CTE and heading footballs.
He said: "The seriousness of concussion and its effects have been widely studied and there is an acceptance that CTE is a result of repeated heavy blows to the head.
"But there is a question whether CTE can be caused by repeated heading in the modern game and this needs to be established.
"It's difficult because CTE is not caused by just one incident, but by a combination of the player's age, lifestyle and genetics., but it does need to be studied further to provide clear guidelines or to make individuals more aware if there is a risk."
"It would be prudent for the Football Association to support future studies, but they need to be thorough and independent to ensure we reach the right outcome to make the game as safe as possible for everyone."